Formation of Public Security in the United States: Theoretical Fundamentals

Keywords: public administration, security, public safety, national security, public order, specially authorized bodies, police, federal police, regional police, recruitment and training

Abstract

The article systematizes the experience of forming and ensuring public safety in the United States. The author singles out the stages of training and selection of police officers who ensure public safety in the United States, identified priorities for staff development and selection. The article states that the US police has a four-tier structure: federal law enforcement, state police, county police, and municipal police. There is no hierarchical connection between these levels. Each level, each branch of the police has certain limits of competence in accordance with the jurisdiction of the types of offenses. Despite the complexity of the state law enforcement system, all its units are specialized agencies with a clearly defined area of responsibility. The lack of hierarchy and subordination between the levels of the US law enforcement system is also due to the complexity of the US legal system, the federal system of the state.  The author proves that the main principles of forming and ensuring public safety in the United States are: first, strict and multi-stage professional selection to the police; secondly, special training and obtaining appropriate education, skills and knowledge; third, the broad powers of the police, which implement measures to prevent and identify threats to public safety; fourth, the decentralization of the police and the lack of direct subordination of the local police to the higher police, while there is a commitment of the police to civil society institutions; fifth, involving the public in the selection of police officers; sixth, the involvement of civil society institutions in police activities; sixth, the election of positions that provide direct responsibility to voters for the quality and efficiency of activities.

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Published
2021-07-07
How to Cite
Mujahit, B. (2021). Formation of Public Security in the United States: Theoretical Fundamentals. Public Administration Aspects, 9(4), 36-42. https://doi.org/10.15421/152135
Section
Article