Synergetic combination of different dimensions of integration in the formation of regional development policy in Ukraine
AbstractThe article notes that the formation of regional development policy in European countries was based on state intervention in the development of key industries. The measures implemented by the capitalist states were not part of local or regional development policy. This approach is called sectoral policy, as it focuses on specific sectors. In the last decades of the last century, measures to develop specific territories have been taken to replace the support of industries and sectors, a regional approach aimed at creating conditions for the development of territories by activating the regions' own potential. The article emphasizes that the implementation of state policy of regional development has a double expression: in sectoral and regional approaches. Therefore, the basis for the formation of modern regional development policy is the coordination of measures in its "regional" and "sectoral" instruments. The author notes that in the domestic context it is important to implement a policy model typical of unitary European countries – the implementation of national investment programs developed in consultation with regional authorities, in synergy with additional regional policy based on co-financing. Such regional policy is initiated, planned, implemented and monitored mainly by regional authorities. During the implementation of the reform of local self-government and territorial organization of power in Ukraine, the participation of self-governing bodies of regional and local levels should develop in the direction of increasing their role in the formation of state and regional development programs.It is concluded that the implementation of the policy model inherent in unitary European countries is relevant in Ukraine - the implementation of national investment programs developed in consultation with regional authorities, in synergy with additional regional policy based on co-financing.
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