Threats to the economic security of the state under conditions of globalization
AbstractToday, the influence of dynamic changes in geopolitical and geo-economics’ conditions requires new requirements to ensure the national security of the state and its sustainable development. One of the central places in the structure of the national security of Ukraine is its economic security, which guarantees the independence of the country, the conditions of stability and effective functioning of society. In this regard, tracking of trends in the economic sphere, detection of the main risks and threats to economic security, identification of measures dealing with reduction of their negative impact are relevant both from a scientific and practical point of view. This article considers the key threats to the economic security of the state in the context of globalization, the long-term influence of which reduces the economic security of the state, makes it vulnerable to external challenges, and significantly weakens its position on the world stage.The importance of ensuring the state economic security and counteracting the negative impact of threats that may harm it has been proved. It has been noted that ensuring of economic security is a priority of the state. The essence of economic security of the state and its importance for national security in general has been described. The current legislative documents, which identify the main real and potential threats to the national security of Ukraine at the present stage, including in the economic sphere have been considered. The interference of threats to the state economic security, which are divided according to the scope of their occurrence into internal and external, has been assessed. It has been determined that external threats are associated with adverse processes in the world economy, and internal threats are dealing with the activities of public authorities, macroeconomic and microeconomic instability of the market economy, they are stipulated to those processes that occur during economic policy. It has been noted that the current conditions for the development of the state security, due to new challenges and threats, need to improve and implement new measures to combat the negative influence of major threats to the national economic security. As a result of the study, the main measures to counter the main threats to the state economic security were identified.
Akimova, L. M. (2016). Sutnisna kharakterystyka osnovnykh zaghroz v ekonomichnij bezpeci derzhavy [Essential characteristics of the main threats to the economic security of the state]. Derzhavne upravlinnja: udoskonalennja ta rozvytok, 10. Retrieved from http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=1247 [in Ukrainian].
Lipkan, V. A. (2003). Synerghetychnyj i ghomeostatychnyj pidkhody do systemy nacionaljnoji bezpeky [Synergetic and homeostatic approaches to the national security system]. Naukovyj visnyk nacionaljnoji akademiji vnutrishnikh sprav – Scientific Herald of National Academy of Internal Affairs, 2 [in Ukrainian].
Martynenko, V. V. (2011). Zaghrozy ekonomichnij bezpeci Ukrajiny v konteksti vyklykiv ghlobalizaciji [Threats to Ukraine's economic security in the context of the challenges of globalization]. Ekonomika ta upravlinnja nacionaljnym ghospodarstvom. Ekonomichnyj chasopys-21 The Economic Annals-XXI Journal, 7–8, 39–40 [in Ukrainian].
Olijnychuk, O. (2015). Systema ekonomichnoji bezpeky derzhavy ta rivni jiji formuvannja: konceptualjni aspekty [The system of economic security of the state and levels of its formation: conceptual aspects]. Ghalycjkyj ekonomichnyj visnyk – Galician economic journal, 48 (1), 93–100 [in Ukrainian].
On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine of September 14, 2020 "On the National Security Strategy of Ukraine". (2020). No. 392/2020. [in Ukrainian].
On the national security of Ukraine. (2018, June 21). No. 2469-VIII. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2469-19#Text [in Ukrainian].
Draft Decree of the President of Ukraine "On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine" On the Strategy of Economic Security of Ukraine until 2025. Retrieved from https://www.me.gov.ua/Documents/Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=65355ae8-3a6a-47e8-a0fd-f4a02adfe66c&title=ProektUkazuPrezidentaUkrainiproRishenniaRadiNatsionalnoiBezpekiIOboroniUkrainiVid-2021-RokuproStrategiiuEkonomichnoiBezpekiUkrainiNaPeriodDo2025-Roku [in Ukrainian].
Pughach, O. A. (2014). Klasyfikacija ta systematyzacija zaghroz ekonomichnij bezpeci derzhavy v systemi nacionaljnoji bezpeky [Classification and systematization of threats to the economic security of the state in the system of national security]. Ekonomika i orghanizacija upravlinnja – "Economics and Organization of Management", 1 (17)–2 (18) [in Ukrainian].
Skoruk, O. V. (2016). Ekonomichna bezpeka derzhavy: sutnistj, skladovi elementyta problemy zabezpechennja [Economic security of the state: essence, components of the problem of providing]. Naukovyj visnyk Uzhghorodsjkogho nacionaljnogho universytetu: Ser.: Mizhnarodni ekonomichni vidnosyny ta svitove ghospodarstvo – Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University: Ser .: International Economic Relations and the World Economy, 6, part 3, 39–42 [in Ukrainian].
Rokocha, V. V. (2014). Transformacija systemy nacionaljnoji ekonomichnoji bezpeky v umovakh ghlobalizaciji svitovoji ekonomiky [Transformation of the system of national economic security in the conditions of globalization of the world economy]. Ekonomichna bezpeka, 10, 71−78 [in Ukrainian].
Tretjak, V. V. (2010). Ekonomichna bezpeka: sutnistj ta umovy formuvannja [Economic security: the essence and conditions of formation]. Ekonomika i derzhava, 1, 6–8 [in Ukrainian].
Jaremenko, I. I. (2013). Ekonomichna bezpeka jak skladova nacionaljnoji bezpeky derzhavy [Economic security as a component of national security]. Nacionaljnyj universytet «Ljvivsjka politekhnika». Retrieved from http://ena.lp.edu.ua/bitstream/ntb/22426/1/43-Yaremko-74-75.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 81 PDF Downloads: 2730