Public administration in the sphere of judicial practice problem regulation: bringing to justice for driving while intoxicated
AbstractConsidering that current problems of bringing persons to legal responsibility for driving means of transportation while intoxicated are vital today, I investigated judicial practice for such cases. Also, I analyzed the legal consequences of the existing problem that occurred in connection with a legislator's failure to maintain the proper procedure for adopting changes to the current legislation in the field of road safety. The legal gaps and legal inaccuracies that exist in the current Ukrainian legislation regarding traffic rules were identified.I analyzed different approaches of the Ukrainian judicial system in the classification of offenses committed by persons who drive means of transportation or vessels under the influence of alcohol, drugs or other intoxicants that reduce attention and speed of reaction. As a result of my investigation, I identified that there is no unified judicial system in this field in Ukraine at the moment. One of the most difficult stages of legislation is the formation of an independent, competent and fair court as a standard of respect for human and civil rights and freedoms. However, judicial error does not always result from the activities of judges. Sometimes the influence of external factors, such as the ambiguity of the legislation in its wording or the obsolescence of the rule of law, is one of the influential factors that cannot be corrected or influenced by the judiciary. Based on the analysis of scientific literature, legal acts and my studies of judicial practice, I suggest improving the current system of responsibility of legal entities in the field of road safety in Ukraine by making relevant changes to the legislation.
Averianov, V. B. (Ed.). (2004). Administratyvne pravo Ukrainy [Administrative law of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Yurydychna dumka [in Ukrainian].
Buchynskyi, Y. Pianka za kermom – pokaraty nemozhlyvo zakryty! [Drunk driving - it is impossible to punish!]. Retrieved from https://blog.liga.net/user/ybuchynskyi/article/38319 [in Ukrainian].
Code of Ukraine on Administrative Offenses. No. 51. Edition of 11.01.2021. (1984). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/80731-10#Text [in Ukrainian].
Constitution of Ukraine. (1996). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR) – Official Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 30, 141. Retrieved from http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].
Criminal code of Ukraine. Edition of 11.01.2021. (2001). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR) – Official Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved from http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14 [in Ukrainian].
Decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine № 3-rp/2012 of 25.01.2012 in case № 1-11/2012. Baza danykh «Zakonodavstvo Ukrayiny» – Database "Legislation of Ukraine". Retrieved from http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v003p710-12/paran56#n56 [in Ukrainian].
On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine in Connection with the Adoption of the Law of Ukraine “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine Concerning Simplification of Pre-trial Investigation of Certain Categories of Criminal Offenses”. No. 720-IX. (2020). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/720-20#Text [in Ukrainian].
On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Improving the Regulation of Relations in the Sphere of Ensuring Road Safety. (2009). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR) – Official Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, 10, art. 137 [in Ukrainian].
On amendments to some legislative acts of Ukraine to simplify the pre-trial investigation of certain categories of criminal offenses. No. 2617-VIII. (2018). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy (VVR) – Official Bulletin of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/card/2617-19 [in Ukrainian].
Yaka vidpovidalnist chekaie na pianoho za kermom — administratyvna chy kryminalna? [What responsibility awaits a drunk driver - administrative or criminal?]. Yurydychna hazeta onlain, 21 (727). Retrieved from https://yur-gazeta.com/publications/practice/sudova-praktika/yaka-vidpovidalnist-chekae-na-pyanogo-za-kermom--administrativna-chi-kriminalna.html [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 45 PDF Downloads: 92