Agile and Lean approaches: possibilities of application in local self-government bodies of Ukraine

Keywords: ISO (International Organization for Standardization), Agile, agile thinking, Lean, local self-government, Kaizen, Kanban, Scrum, CAF, decentralization, local community

Abstract

The article considers the concepts and history of Agile and Lean, the possibility of application in local self-government in Ukraine, analysis of the experience of local government in other countries. The aim of the article is to find ways to learn the best experience to improve the work of local self-government in Ukraine.Foreign publications related to the possibility of implementing the Agile methodology in the field of public administration and local self-government are analyzed. Examples of interaction and mutual influence of Agile and Lean are given. Demonstrates how references in international ISO standards to the above-mentioned methodologies, values and ways of thinking are used. ISO standards for management systems are universal and can be applied by both private and public sector organizations. One of the main ideas behind the standards is continuous improvement based on the PDCA cycle, and organizations that have implemented management systems such as ISO 9001 can use international best practices, tools and techniques to improve efficiency and effectiveness, satisfaction of customers and other interested parties and reduce unwanted losses. Such methods are those which are considered in this article. Historically, most management practices have emerged in the private sector, driven by a competitive environment. And then adapts to public administration and local government. In Ukraine, the process of decentralization of local self-government is gaining momentum. Sustainable development of local self-government is the basis for ensuring the comfort and quality of life of the local communities. In a rapidly changing environment, there is a need to find new management approaches. It is proposed to conduct short-term pilot projects to test the Agile method in local governments. It is advisable to include consideration of the methods specified in the article in training and retraining of employees. Continuous improvement requires, first of all, a change in organizational culture and awareness and involvement of staff for the most effective implementation of world best practices.

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
Bortnik, O. (2020). Agile and Lean approaches: possibilities of application in local self-government bodies of Ukraine. Public Administration Aspects, 8(6), 70-80. https://doi.org/10.15421/1020107
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Article