Mechanisms for implementing state policy in the development of animal husbandry in european countries
AbstractAttention is drawn to the fact that the livestock industry occupies a leading place not only in the economy of many European countries, but also is crucial in ensuring their food security. Foreign experience of revival and development of the livestock industry is considered. It is indicated that an important component of ensuring the stable development of each country, the life of society and the livestock industry is state policy. The role of state policy of European countries and mechanisms for its implementation in this important process are defined. It is established that the state policy measures of various European countries focus on the development of programs for state assistance to the development of farms in order to increase their competitive ability, financial support for their producers and provide various types of resources. At the stage of developing a state policy and for the purpose of its effective implementation, a system of means, tools and methods is determined by which the policy implementation mechanism is formed. Common features in the development of animal husbandry in different European countries are identified and its features are highlighted. Taking into account global trends, priority areas for the development of such sub-sectors of animal husbandry as cattle breeding, pig breeding, and sheep breeding are identified. It is noted that for the further effective development of Agriculture and the maintenance of animal husbandry in the most vulnerable rural areas, an important role is played by state regulation mechanisms aimed at social security of existing producers, especially young farmers in areas where agriculture is their main source of income. It is proposed to continue creating appropriate conditions for the full entry of animal husbandry into efficient production and full provision of the domestic market with high-quality, competitive, environmentally friendly livestock products.
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