Deinstitualization as the main process of decentralization of powers in the field of institutional care and education of children

Keywords: children, state policy, system of boarding schools, deinstitutionalization, system of education and socialization of children, reforming the system of institutional child care, decentralization, rehabilitation

Abstract

The article analyzes the main stages of deinstitutionalization in Ukraine. The author substantiates that the first stage of deinstitutionalization is currently being completed, which results in the formation of regional plans to reform the system of institutional care and upbringing of children.The article states that deinstitutionalization is the basis for the development of modern and effective care services for children and families, namely the process of abandoning the care system based on large institutional institutions and the transition to a number of social services based on family and community. The main tasks of deinstitutionalization in the context of the reform of decentralization of powers in the field of institutional care and upbringing of children the government sees: foster families, family-type orphanages); preventing the separation of children from their parents and placement in boarding schools by introducing services to support children and families in communities; preparation for independent living, ensuring social inclusion of graduates of boarding schools.The main components of deinstitutionalization in the field of protection of children's rights include: first, prevention of referral and stay in institutions unnecessarily; second, the search for and development of appropriate alternative child care within the community (housing, treatment, education, training) and the rehabilitation of children and their families; third, improving community-based administrative services for children who really need government care, as well as providing family support; fourth, the formation of long-term care plans and permanent placement in prosperous families for those children whose parents have been unable to respond to appropriate interventions and rehabilitation and are assessed as unable to care for the child.

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References

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Published
2020-10-30
How to Cite
Lys, V. (2020). Deinstitualization as the main process of decentralization of powers in the field of institutional care and education of children. Public Administration Aspects, 8(5), 52-61. https://doi.org/10.15421/152093
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Article