Specifics of adaptive learning in the field of public governance
AbstractResearch shows that today the education and training of qualified specialists in the field of public administration requires a transition from traditional to new more innovative systems of education and training. Given the fact that in the practice of education and training of highly qualified specialists in the field of public administration is actively implemented adaptive education system, which is based on the use of modern innovative teaching methods. The purpose of the scientific article is aimed at presenting the specifics of adaptive learning in the field of public administration. The scientific article uses such research methods as the method of theoretical analysis, the method of observation, the method of abstraction, the method of system analysis, the method of comparison, the method of modeling and the method of generalization. It is established that the system of adaptive learning allows to determine the individual approach and individual features of training of future specialists in the field of public administration. It is determined that in the process of adaptive learning modern Web-technologies and innovative teaching methods are actively used. It is proved that in the system of adaptive training of future specialists in the field of public administration new more innovative methods of learning, acquiring skills and abilities are used, as a result of which the confidence of future specialists to carry out professional activity increases. It was found that the main principles of adaptive training in public administration are: 1) the principle of personalization of the public administration needs, which is to train future professionals - public officials; 2) the principle of forming personal learning strategies, based on the needs of public administration in future professionals; 3) the principle of improving the thinking and professional activity of future specialists in the field of public administration, based on psychological factors of influence; 4) the principle of forming an innovative model of adaptive education and training of specialists in the field of public administration. It is established that today the Knewton training system is used in the field of adaptive learning, thanks to which it is possible to obtain information about what material the future specialists in the field of public administration have not mastered. It is determined that the main state institution of higher education in Ukraine, on the basis of which training, retraining and advanced training of civil servants (specialists in public administration) is the National Academy of Public Administration under the President of Ukraine, which provides training under the educational program "Public Administration and administration ”. It is established that as a result of successful mastering of the educational-professional program "Public administration and administration" future specialists in the field of public administration acquire the ability to form and implement public policy in various areas of public life, strategically manage social, territorial and organizational development, manage economic processes and public finances, make adjustments, proposals to existing regulations (acts), as well as prepare drafts of new regulations (acts), carry out digital governance and administrative functions and personnel management functions.
Sikora, Ja. B. (2020). Oghljad adaptyvnykh navchaljnykh system [Review of adaptive learning systems]. Avtomatyzacija ta komp'juterno-integhrovani tekhnologhy u vyrobnyctvi ta osviti: stan, dosjaghnennja, perspektyvy rozvytku: Conference or Workshop Item. Sekcija 6. Informacijni tekhnologhiji ta upravlinnja navchaljnym procesom, – Automation and computer-integrated technologies in production and education: status, achievements, development prospects: Conference or Workshop Item. Section 6. Information technologies and management of educational process. (pp. 222–224). Retrieved from http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/id/eprint/31235 [in Ukrainian].
Sikora, Ja. B. (2018). Instrumenty adaptyvnogho navchannja [Tools of adaptive learning]. Aktualjni pytannja suchasnoji informatyky: Conference or Workshop Item – Current issues of modern informatics: Conference or Workshop Item. (pp. 103–107). Retrieved from http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/id/eprint/28099 [in Ukrainian].
Protasenko, K. (2011). Metodyka adaptyvnogho upravlinnja pry vvedenni pravovogho rezhymu nadzvychajnogho stanu [Methods of adaptive management in the introduction of the legal regime of the state of emergency]. Derzhavne upravlinnja ta misceve samovrjaduvannja: zbirnyk naukovykh pracj – Public administration and local self-government: a collection of scientific papers, 1 (8). Retrieved from: http://www.dridu.dp.ua/vidavnictvo/2011/2011_01(8)/index.html [in Ukrainian].
Marushhak, V. (2019). Adaptyvnistj derzhavnogho upravlinnja do reghuljuvannja ekonomichnykh procesiv [Adaptability of public administration to the regulation of economic processes]. Aktualjni problemy derzhavnogho upravlinnja – Actual problems of public administration, 2 (78), 67–71. doi: 10.35432/1993-8330appa2782019179076 [in Ukrainian].
Petrenko, O. O. (2014). Formuvannja adaptyvnoji systemy profesijnogho navchannja pracivnykiv na derzhavnomu j ghaluzevomu rivnjakh [Formation of an adaptive system of professional training of employees at the state and industry levels]. Ghlobaljni ta nacionaljni problemy ekonomiky – Global and national economic problems, 2, 995–998 [in Ukrainian].
Khudoba, O. V. (2019). Pidghotovka kadriv jak instrument upravlinnja suspiljnymy vidnosynamy: adaptyvnyj pidkhid v konteksti problematyky demenciji [Training as a tool for managing public relations: an adaptive approach in the context of dementia]. Publichne upravlinnja ta reghionaljnyj rozvytok – Public administration and regional development, 5, 602–621 [in Ukrainian].
Cvjetajeva, O. V., & Znanecjka, O. M. (2019). Adaptyvne navchannja v suchasnij systemi osvity [Adaptive learning in the modern education system]. Zbirnyk naukovykh pracj «Pedaghoghichni nauky». Sekcija 4. Teorija i metodyka profesijnoji osvity – Collection of scientific works "Pedagogical sciences". Section 4. Theory and methods of vocational education, 87, 170–175. doi: 10.32999/ksu2413-1865/2019-87-31 [in Ukrainian].
Kovbasjuk, Ju. V., Vashhenko, K. O., & Surmin, Ju. P., et al. (2020). Derzhavne upravlinnja: pidruchnyk: u 2 t. [Public administration: textbook: in 2 volumes]. (Vol. 1). Kyiv; Dnipropetrovsjk: NADU [in Ukrainian].
Pishvanova, V. O. (2015). Pryncypy adaptyvnogho navchannja [Principles of adaptive learning]. Visnyk Zaporizjkogho nacionaljnogho universytetu. Pedaghoghichni nauky – Bulletin of Zaporizhia National University. Pedagogical sciences,
(24), 178–183 [in Ukrainian].
Kobzev, I. V., Kaljakin, S. V., & Onyshhenko, Ju. M. (2012). Systema adaptyvnogho kontrolja znanj derzhavnykh sluzhbovciv na osnovi systemy upravlinnja kontentom [System of adaptive control of knowledge of civil servants based on content management system]. Suchasni informacijni systemy i tekhnologhiji: materialy Pershoji mizhnarodnoji naukovo-praktychnoji konferenciji – Modern information systems and technologies: materials of the First International Scientific and Practical Conference. Eds. A. S. Dovbysh, O. A. Borysenko, I. V. Baranova. (pp. 116–117). Sumy: SumDU [in Ukrainian].
Adaptyvni tekhnologhiji: dosvid Knewton [Adaptive technologies: Knewton's experience]. (2020). EdEra blog. Retrieved from http://blog.ed-era.com/knewton/ [in Ukrainian].
Kovalenko, V. P. (2013). Adaptyvni mekhanizmy derzhavnogho upravlinnja osvitoju v Ukrajini: sutnistj ta osoblyvosti vprovadzhennja [Adaptive mechanisms of public administration of education in Ukraine: the essence and features of implementation]. Suchasni suspiljni problemy u vymiri sociologhiji upravlinnja: Zbirnyk naukovykh pracj DonDUU. Tom XIV. Serija «Specyfichni ta ghaluzevi sociologhiji» – Modern social problems in the dimension of sociology of management: Collection of scientific works of DonSU. Volume XIV. Series "Specific and branch sociologies", 276, 48–54 [in Ukrainian].
Nacionaljna akademija derzhavnogho upravlinnja pry Prezydentovi Ukrajiny [National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine]. Retrieved from http://academy.gov.ua/?lang=ukr&tip=osn&tipn=Page&page=1 [in Ukrainian].
On approval of the Regulations on the system of professional training of civil servants, heads of local state administrations, their first deputies and deputy officials of local self-government and deputies of local councils. No. 106. (2019, February 6). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/106-2019-%D0%BF#Text [in Ukrainian].
Nosenko, Ju. Gh. (2018). Adaptyvni systemy navchannja: sutnistj, kharakterystyka, stan vykorystannja u vitchyznjanykh zakladakh pedaghoghichnoji osvity [Adaptive learning systems: essence, characteristics, state of use in domestic institutions of pedagogical education]. Naukovyj zhurnal «Fizyko-matematychna osvita» – Scientific journal "Physical and Mathematical Education", 3 (17), 73–78 [in Ukrainian].
Abstract views: 201 PDF Downloads: 61