Gender aspects of social policy formation in Ukraine

Keywords: social policy, equality, gender aspects, gender-sensitive policy, vulnerable groups, discrimination, gender audit, gender profile, gender analysis

Abstract

The article considers gender aspects of social policy formation in Ukraine. It is determined that the European integration vector of development chosen by Ukraine requires observance of the principles of sustainable development and achievement of equality of women and men in all spheres of society. It was found that the perception of gender in society is not a stable category, but depends on cultural and social traditions, and may change with changing environments. Ukraine's steps over the past 5 years to implement the principle of gender equality are analyzed and it is established that Ukraine has a sufficiently developed regulatory framework, however, its practical implementation is still imperfect. The creation of gender profiles of regions has been studied and it has been found that they are a useful tool for developing strategies for the development of the region, in determining the priorities of social policy, monitoring and evaluation of activities, etc. It was found that gender mainstreaming in social policy-making will emphasize the special needs of women and men in need of state assistance, which will ensure more accurate policy formulation, efficient allocation of resources, targeted use of budget funds and gender-sensitive decision-making. Innovative approaches to gender mainstreaming in social policy-making at both national and regional levels are analyzed. It is established that gender audit will ensure gender parity of participants in the decision-making process, and gender analysis of decisions or policies in general is aimed at identifying problems and differentiating needs and interests, taking into account gender distribution. Their using in the process of formation and implementation of social policy will make it possible to prevent gender inequality and ensure the formation of gender-sensitive social policy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Electoral Code. No. 396-IX. (2019). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/396-20#Text [in Ukrainian].

Ghenderna rivnistj v usikh sferakh – priorytet Minsocpolityky, – Serghij Nizhynsjkyj [Gender equality in all spheres is a priority of the Ministry of Social Policy, – Serhiy Nizhynsky]. Retrieved from https://www.msp.gov.ua/news/18029.html [in Ukrainian].

Ghendernyj audyt dlja ghromadsjkykh orghanizacij [Gender audit for public organizations]. Retrieved from https://www.ua.undp.org/content/ukraine/uk/home/library/democratic_governance/gender-audit-for-NGOs-handbook.html [in Ukrainian].

Ghendernyj profilj. Dnipropetrovsjka oblastj [Gender profile. Dnipropetrovsk region.]. Retrieved from https://eu-ua.org/sites/default/files/inline/files/dnipropetrovska_.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Ghenderni profili 24 oblastej Ukrajiny ta m. Kyjeva [Gender profiles of 24 regions of Ukraine and the city of Kyiv]. Retrieved from https://decentralization.gov.ua/gender/genderni-profili-oblastei [in Ukrainian].

The Constitution of Ukraine. (1996). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text [in Ukrainian].

Marcenjuk, T. (2019). Integhracija ghendernoji skladovoji v analitychni materialy [Integration of the gender component in analytical materials]. Kyiv: MF "Vidrodzhennja" [in Ukrainian].

Nacionaljnyj oghljad po vykonannju Pekinsjkoji deklaraciji ta Platformy dij (1995 r.) [National Review of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995)]. Retrieved from https://docs.google.com/viewer?embedded=true&Відновлено з=http:// www.msp.gov.ua/files/gend_pol/UKR-Beijing%202019%20Ukraine.docx [in Ukrainian].

On approval of the State social program to ensure equal rights and opportunities for women and men for the period up to 2021. No. 27. (2018). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/273-2018-%D0%BF#Text [in Ukrainian].

On approval of Methodical recommendations for gender impact assessment of sectoral reforms. No. 257. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.msp.gov.ua/documents/5701.html [in Ukrainian].

On approval of the National Action Plan for the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 "Women, Peace, Security" for the period up to 2020. No. 113-r. (2016). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/113-2016-%D1%80#Text [in Ukrainian].

Socialjna polityka [Social policy]. Retrieved from https://www.pharmencyclopedia.com.ua/article/7581/socialna-politika [in Ukrainian].

Strateghija ghendernoji rivnosti Rady Jevropy na 2018–2023 rr. [Gender Equality Strategy of the Council of Europe for 2018–2023]. Retrieved from https://rm.coe.int/prems-041318-gbr-gender-equality-strategy-2023-ukr-new2/16808b35a4 [in Ukrainian].

Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part. № 1678-VII. (2014). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011#Text [in Ukrainian].


Abstract views: 241
PDF Downloads: 166
Published
2020-08-27
How to Cite
Brus, T., & Kovalov, V. (2020). Gender aspects of social policy formation in Ukraine. Public Administration Aspects, 8(3), 110-118. https://doi.org/10.15421/152074
Section
Article