Improvement of pre-trial investigation as a factor of influencing on the ensuring of the economic security of Ukraine
AbstractThe article considers the pre-trial investigation in the context of an integral part of the foundation of economic security of Ukraine.The main problems of the pre-trial investigation in the criminal process of Ukraine identified: poor-quality regulatory support; insufficient material and technical support of pre-trial investigation bodies; redundancy in the use of the institution of immunity by judges and deputies of Ukraine; overload of investigators.Economic security in the article refers to the state of security of the national economy from threats, in which it is able to ensure the development of society, its economic and socio-political stability.Pre-trial investigation is defined as the stage of criminal proceedings carried out with observance of human rights and freedoms, starts from the moment the information is entered into the Unified Register of Pre-trial Investigations and ends with either the closure of the criminal proceedings or the submission of one of the following criminal procedure documents to the court, namely: the indictment ; petitions for the application of coercive measures of a medical or educational nature; applications for exemption from criminal liability. The importance of pre-trial investigation is noted, since it is during this stage that the bulk of the evidence is collected.It was determined to be rational to use electronic document management systems with the use of electronic signatures in order to simplify the interaction between law enforcement agencies, the prosecutor's office and the court in conducting pre-trial investigation. In order to improve and partially solve the problems of the pre-trial investigation, it was proposed to create such an electronic document management system that would ensure formal correspondence with the help of technical means, coordination of the investigator's applications, receipt of court orders for execution, etc.
The Constitution of Ukraine from 28.06.1996. (1996). Retrieved from zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17 [in Ukrainian].
The Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine from 13.04.2012. (2012). Retrieved from zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17 [in Ukrainian].
Pushak, Ya. Ya., & Pitsur, Ya .S. (2017). Aktual'ni problemy zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi bezpeky v Ukraini [Actual problems of economic security in Ukraine]. L'viv: Liha-Pres [in Ukrainian].
Leonova, O. O. (2019). Mekhanizmy derzhavnoho rehuliuvannia u sferi detinizatsii ekonomichnykh vidnosyn v Ukraini [Mechanisms of State Regulation in the Field of Shadowing Economic Relations in Ukraine]. Doctor’s thesis. Kharkivs'kyj rehional'nyj instytut derzhavnoho upravlinnia Natsional'noi akademii derzhavnoho upravlinnia pry Prezydentovi Ukrainy, Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].
Mel'nyk, V. I. (2015). Faktory, iaki vplyvaiut' na iakist' zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi bezpeky derzhavy [Factors that affect the quality of economic security of the state]. Yurydychna nauka – Juridical science, 7, 83–89 [in Ukrainian].
Anheleniuk, A.-M. Yu. (2018). Problemy zastosuvannia kryminal'noho-protsesual'noho zatrymannia stosovno narodnykh deputativ i suddiv [Problems of Criminal Procedure Detention against People's Deputies and Judges]. Naukovyj visnyk L'vivs'koho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav – Scientific Bulletin of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, 1, 216–226 [in Ukrainian].
Bahanets', O. (2019). Kontseptsiia vdoskonalennia diial'nosti pravookhoronnykh orhaniv Ukrainy [The concept of improving the activities of law enforcement agencies]. Retrieved from http://baganets.com/blogs-baganets/koncepc-ja-vdoskonalennja-d-jalnost-prav.html [in Ukrainian].
Ponomarenko, A. V. (2014). Provedennia nehlasnykh slidchykh (rozshukovykh) dij: problematyka s'ohodennia [Carrying out unspoken investigative (search) actions: problems of the present]. Mytna sprava – Customs business, 2 (92), part 2, book 1, 51–55 [in Ukrainian].
Law of Ukraine On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Simplifying Pre-trial Investigation of Certain Categories of Criminal Offenses from 22.11.2018. Retrieved from zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17 [in Ukrainian].
Bartashevs'ka, Yu. M. (2016). Ekonomichna bezpeka pidpryiemstva: faktory vplyvu ta shliakhy zabezpechennia [Economic security of the enterprise: factors of influence and ways of providing] Ekonomika i suspil'stvo – Economy and Society, 7, 189–194 [in Ukrainian].