Local identity and "social inclusion" in the conditions of decentralization of power in Ukraine

  • Victoria Lola Dnipropetrovsk Regional Institute for Public Administration National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine
Keywords: local identity, social inclusion, social exclusion, decentralization of power, integrated territorial community, local self-government, social interaction, solidarity, local government officials

Abstract

The article is devoted to the research of problems of formation of local identity and "social inclusion" in the conditions of united territorial communities. The relevance of the problem of social exclusion in the community and its relation to human access to resources has been proved. The influence of "social inclusion / exclusion" on the processes of public involvement in solving issues of local importance, formation of social interaction and solidarity is substantiated. The peculiarities of its implementation in the context of decentralization of power and formation of united territorial communities are defined. An approach to understanding social exclusion in the community as a way of erecting barriers through which local government officials try to counteract community representatives in accessing and managing resources is disclosed. It has been established that social inclusion should be considered as a fundamental form of social interaction and a mechanism of social order reproduction in the community, in particular, through the formation of local identity. The main problems that arise in the context of social exclusion of a person from the network of socio-economic interaction in the community are identified. The factors that determine these processes are analyzed. It is proved that social inclusion is not possible without overcoming the disorientation of a person in society, forming loyalty and conformity to group goals, norms and values. This is achieved in the process of identifying with a particular social group or community (identity). Threats to the spread of social exclusion of certain territories, which find themselves in the periphery and do not receive adequate access to the distribution of resources and services, are analyzed. It is concluded that social inclusion should be an integral part of the general policy of community consolidation and the construction of its new identity.

References

1. Savieliev, Yu. Otsinka kontseptualnykh zasad polityky sotsialnoho vkliuchennia (sotsialnoi inkliuzii) u Yevropeiskomu soiuzi [Assessment of Conceptual Grounds of the Policy of Social Inclusion in the European Union]. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID2814872_code2283609.pdf?abstractid=2814872&mirid=1 [in Ukrainian].
2. Oksamytna, S., & Khmelko, V. (2004). Sotsialna ekskliuziia v Ukraini na pochatkovii stadii restavratsii kapitalizmu [Social exclusion in Ukraine at the initial stage of restoration of capitalism]. Sotsiol.: teoriia, metody, marketynh – Socialogy: theory, methods, marketing, 3, 66–77 [in Ukrainian].
3. Saveliev, Yu. (2015). Sotsialne vkliuchennia ta ekskliuziia yak formy vzaiemodii u suspilstvi: evrystychnyi potentsial sotsiolohichnykh kontseptsii [Social inclusion and exclusion as a form of interaction in society: the heuristic potential of sociological concepts]. Ukrainskyi sotsium – Ukrainian society, 4, 64–71. Retrieved from http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=2&I21DBN=UJRN&P21DBN=UJRN&IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD=1&Image_file_name=PDF/Usoc_2015_4_8.pdf [in Ukrainian].
4. Libanova, E., Levenets, Yu., Makarov, O., Kotyhorenko, & V., Cherenko, L. et al. (2011). Natsionalna dopovid pro liudskyi rozvytok 2011 "Ukraina: na shliakhu do sotsialnoho zaluchennia" [National Human Development Report 2011 "Ukraine: Towards Social Inclusion"]. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
5. Kotenko, Ya., & Tkachuk, K. (2016). Lokalna identychnist yak umova rozvytku obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad (navchalnyi modul) [Local identity as a condition for development of united territorial communities (training module)]. Kyiv: IKTs "Lehalnyi status" [in Ukrainian].
6. Detsentralizatsiia: rezultaty, vyklyky ta perspektyvy. Promizhnyi zvit [Decentralization: results, challenges and prospects. Interim Report]. Retrieved from https://dif.org.ua/article/detsentralizatsiya-rezulbtati-vikliki-i-perspektivi [in Ukrainian].
7. Pro mistseve samovriaduvannia: Zakon Ukrainy vid 21 trav. 1997 r. № 280/97-VR: iz zminamy [On Local Self-Government: Law of Ukraine of 21 May. 1997 No. 280/97-BP: as amended]. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/280/97-%D0%B2%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].
8. Rievnivtseva, O. V. (2008). Sotsialne vkliuchennia: problemy vyznachennia ta doslidzhennia [Social Inclusion: Problems of Definition and Research]. IDSD – IDSS, 1. Retrieved from http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/handle/123456789/8940/08-Revnizeva.pdf?sequence=1 [in Ukrainian].
9. Lola, V. (2018). Lokalna identychnist ta «sotsialne vkliuchennia» v umovakh detsentralizatsii [Local Identity and "Social Inclusion" in Decentralization]. Proceedings of the Scientific and Practical: Naukovo-praktychne zabezpechennia rozvytku ta spivrobitnytstva obiednanykh terytorialnykh hromad – Scientific and practical support of development and cooperation of the united territorial communities. (pp. 175–179). I. A Chykarenko (Ed.). Dnipro: DRIDU NADU. Retrieved from http://www.dridu.dp.ua/konf/konf_dridu/2018_10_30_materialy_mup.pdf [in Ukrainian].
10. Zhalilo, Ya. A., Shevchenko, O. V., & Romanova, V. V. et al. (2019). Detsentralizatsiia vlady: poriadok dennyi na serednostrokovu perspektyvu. Analitychna dopovid [Decentralization of power: an agenda for the medium term. Analytical report]. Natsionalnyi instytut stratehichnykh doslidzhen. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
11. Wilson, L. (2006). Developing a Model for the Measurement of Social Inclusion and Social Capital in Regional Australia. Social Indicators Research, 75 (3), 335–360.
Published
2020-02-29
How to Cite
Lola, V. (2020). Local identity and "social inclusion" in the conditions of decentralization of power in Ukraine. Public Administration Aspects, 8(1), 129-137. https://doi.org/10.15421/152013
Section
Article