Theoretical-conceptual basis of the mechanism of public regulation of qualified labor immigration
AbstractThe modern progress of the process of integration of Ukraine into the European space explains the objectivity of supporting this process with the phenomenon of immigration. This state of affairs increases the attention of scientists to the study of the impact of immigration on the economic, socio-political, legal state of the state and raises issues of national security and national interests. Ukraine needs to develop a long-term state immigration policy, which will result in the country's real readiness for the immigration process and the resolution of any problematic issues related to that process. As international experience shows, the migration of skilled labor has both positive and negative aspects. Without proper management mechanism and the basis, the state's unwillingness to immigration, both legal and illegal, the state suffers losses and is exposed to negative criminogenic phenomena. Instead, if it is prepared, the state can receive financial contributions to its own budget from the labor of immigrants, without incurring losses and costs for their maintenance. Theoretical and conceptual understanding of the problem of immigration of skilled labor in Ukraine is necessary for solving theoretical and practical problems for making administrative decisions, in particular on the issues of employment of immigrants, creation of appropriate national and regional immigration policy and prevention of illegal migration, economic security of the state, its economic and social interests. Today, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive study of the issue of public regulation of skilled labor immigration, taking into account both European legislation and other regions of the world. The integration of Ukraine into European and international institutions requires bringing its current immigration legislation into line with European and international standards. The countries of Europe have already gone through the appropriate stages of the influx of labor and have emerged from the crisis states that this leads to, so as never before, it is important to gain a positive experience in solving this problem in Ukraine.
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