The relationship of urbanization with the formation and implementation of public health policy in Ukraine

Keywords: public policy, public administration, public health, urbanization, health care, quality of life, quality of health, community impact

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to study and find out the modern foreign technologies of public health policy in the context of the impact of urbanization processes, to explore the possibilities of implementation of best practices in Ukraine.Materials. Peculiarities of public health policy implementation in developed countries in the context of population density increase and agglomeration expansion are described in the article. The study is based on the analysis of statistics, publications in the media and scientific articles. The comparative statistical analysis of the countries of the world on the incidence of the incidence of different species and the correlation of these processes with the urbanization dynamics is made in the article. Expert assessments of UN and World Health Organization experts on processes of concentration of population around the world, deterioration of living conditions, quality of health, morbidity and appropriate prevention, promotion of healthy lifestyle and quality control of goods, works and services for the population are given in the article. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental problems of densely populated areas, including through the proliferation of motor vehicles, substandard housing and uncontrolled industrial emissions. The connection of the dynamics of urbanization with the increase of the sedentary lifestyle of the citizens is also described. The urban way of life is assessed as requiring immediate influence by public health policy makers. The current experience of foreign public administration and public policy entities on a proactive approach to shaping the concept of public health in the context of urban transformation in society can be used in Ukraine. Practical results of the work of state institutions in developed countries should be implemented in Ukraine. Conclusions. On the example of the positive experience of the capitalist countries of the world, the further directions of the development of public health policy in Ukraine in the conditions of deepening urbanization processes are clearly defined.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

«Zdorove–2020: osnovy evropeiskoi politiki v podderzhku deistvii vsego gosudarstva i obshchestva v interesakh zdorovia i blagopoluchiia» [“Health–2020: a European policy framework supporting action across the state and society for health and well-being”]. (2013). Vsemirnaia organizatciia zdravookhraneniia, Evropeiskoe regionalnoe biuro: ofitc. sait – World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe: official site. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/215433/Health2020-Short-Rus.pdf [in Russian].

«Skrytye» goroda: vyiavlenie i ustranenie nespravedlivosti v otnoshenii zdorovia v gorodakh [“Hidden” cities: identifying and addressing health inequities in cities]. (2010). Doklad VOZ i Programmy OON po naselennym punktam – Report of WHO and the United Nations Human Settlements Program. WHO Kobe Centre-UN-HABITAT [in Russian].

Hnidoi, I.M., & Dikhtiaruk I.I. (2000). Zdorovia shkoliariv v umovakh ekolohichnoho svyntsevoho presynhu [Schoolchildren's health in an environmentally-friendly lead press]. Materialy nauk.-prakt. konf. Ukrainskoho naukovo-doslidnoho instytutu okhorony zdorovia ditei ta pidlitkiv «Zdorovia shkoliariv na mezhi tysiacholit» – Proceedings of scientifical and practical Conference of the Ukrainian Research Institute for the Health of Children and Adolescents “Health of Schoolchildren at the Turn of the Millennium”. (pp. 16–19). Kharkiv [in Ukrainian].

Doklad VOZ o sostoianii zdravookhraneniia v Evrope 2018. Bolshe, chem prosto tcifry: fakticheskie dannye dlia vsekh. Osnovnye polozheniia [WHO European Health Report 2018. More than just numbers: evidence for everyone. Key Points]. (2018). Kopengagen, Evropeiskoe regionalnoe biuro VOZ [in Russian].

Evropeiskii plan deistvii po ukrepleniiu potentciala i uslug obshchestvennogo zdravookhraneniia: EUR/RC62/12: Evrop. region. komitet, 62-ia sessiia [European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services: EUR/RC62/12: Regional Committee for Europe, 62nd Session]. Vsemirnaia organizatciia zdravookhraneniia, Evropeiskoe regionalnoe biuro: ofitc. sait – World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe: official site. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/171773/RC62wd12rev1-Rus-updated.pdf [in Russian].

Moskalenko, V. F., Hruzieva, T. S., & Haliienko, L. I. (2008). Peredchasna smertnist naselennia yak hlobalna sotsialno-medychna problema [Premature mortality as a global socio-medical problem]. Okhorona zdorovia Ukrainy – Health care of Ukraine, 2 (30), 9–19 [in Ukrainian].

Osnovni pokaznyky zdorovia v Yevropeiskomu rehioni‒2019. Shchorichna statystychna publikatsiia Yevropeiskoho rehionalnoho biuro VOOZ [Key indicators of health in the European Region ‒ 2019. Annual statistical publication of the WHO Regional Office for Europe]. (2016). Kopenhahen [in Ukrainian].

Ofitsiinyi veb-portal Yevropeiskoho rehionalnoho biuro Vsesvitnoi orhanizatsii okhorony zdorovia: Publikatsiia dvokh velykykh dokladiv [Official web portal of the WHO Regional Office for Europe: The publication of two major reports]. Retrieved from http://www.euro.who.int/ru/media-centre/sections/press-releases/2010/11/who-releases-two-major-reports [in Ukrainian].

Ofitsiinyi sait V. Korolenka [Official site of V. Korolenko]. Retrieved from http://estetmed.org/?page_id=42 [in Ukrainian].

Ofitsiinyi sait Tsentru hromadskoho zdorovia MOZ Ukrainy [Official site of the Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine]. URL:https://phc.org.ua/regionalni-cgz [in Ukrainian].

Pro zatverdzhennia planu zakhodiv shchodo realizatsii Kontseptsii rozvytku systemy hromadskoho zdorovia: Rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 18.08.2017 № 560-r [On approval of the action plan for the implementation of the Concept of development of the public health system: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 18, 2017 No. 560-р]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/560-2017-%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].

Pro Stratehiiu staloho rozvytku «Zdorovia-2020»: Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy vid 12.01.2015 № 5 [On the Strategy for Sustainable Development “Health–2020”: Decree of the President of Ukraine of January 12, 2015 No. 5.]. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5/2015 [in Ukrainian].

Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii Zahalnoderzhavnoi prohramy «Zdorovia 2020: ukrainskyi vybir»: Rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 31.10.2011 № 1164-r [On approval of the Concept of the National Program “Health–2020: the Ukrainian choice”: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of October 31, 2011 No. 1164-p]. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1164-2011-p [in Ukrainian].

Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii rozvytku systemy hromadskoho zdorovia: rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 30.11.2016 № 1002-r [On approval of the Concept of development of the public health system: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of November 30, 2016 No. 1002-p]. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1002-2016-r [in Ukrainian].

Uhoda pro asotsiatsiiu mizh Ukrainoiu, z odniiei storony, ta Yevropeiskym Soiuzom, Yevropeiskym spivtovarystvom z atomnoi enerhii i yikhnimy derzhavamy-chlenamy, z inshoi storony: vid 27.06.2014, ratyf. iz zaiavoiu zakonom Ukrainy vid 16.09.2014 № 1678-VII [Association Agreement between Ukraine, of the one part, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the other part: of June 27, 2014, ratified by the Law of Ukraine of September 16, 2014 No. 1678-VII]. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011 [in Ukrainian].


Abstract views: 312
PDF Downloads: 118
Published
2020-01-20
How to Cite
Demikhov, O. (2020). The relationship of urbanization with the formation and implementation of public health policy in Ukraine. Public Administration Aspects, 7(12), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.15421/151965
Section
Article