The innovative models of functioning of anti-corruption bodies in the world

Keywords: corruption, state authorities, formation of anti-corruption institutions, implementation of state anti-corruption policy

Abstract

Models of formation and development of anti-corruption institutions are analyzed in thearticle. The modern anti-corruption bodies of state power that exist in Germany, Hungary, Finland,Albania, Romania, Lithuania and Latvia are considered.It has been found that in most European countries specialized anti-corruption bodies have beenestablished as an important element of the anti-corruption strategy. The author analyzes the experienceof developing anti-corruption institutions in Lithuania, Romania, Finland, Norway, Germany, Albaniaand others. and found that in Europe there is no one universal model of the anti-corruption body. Theanalysis showed that there are similar law enforcement agencies, corruption prevention services, anticorruptionstrategy management, and multi-purpose organizations. In some countries, several anticorruptionagencies have been set up, and several such institutions can deal with both corruption andother issues. Romania's experience with the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Directorate,which includes not only exposing corruption but also investigating corruption offenses, is effective.Based on the analysis of the system of anti-corruption institutions in European countries,it should be noted that there are three models of formation and development of anti-corruptioninstitutions, in particular:1) there are no specially created anti-corruption institutions, and the functions of preventingand combating corruption are delegated to law enforcement and / or judicial bodies;2) which established a single anti-corruption institution;3) in which the system of anti-corruption bodies of state power operates.Ukraine belongs to the third model, because in our country a system of state authorities isestablished and operates, which implement state policy in the sphere of combating corruption.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akhtyrska, N. (2015). International experience in the fight against corruption as a vector for shaping national anti-corruption policies: a review of Romanian legislation. Viche, 18. Retrieved from http://www.nsj.gov.ua/files/1455629967.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Gus`kov, A. Ya. (2015) Foreign experience of the participation of civil society institutions in the fight against corruption, for example, the USA, China and Finland. Sostoyanie protivodejstviya korrupczii i napravleniya sovershenstvovaniya bor`by` s nej : materialy konf. – The state of anti-corruption and ways to improve the fight against it. (pp. 311-317). Moskva [in Russian]

Foreign experience in the creation and activity of special anti-corruption bodies. Retrieved from https://pidruchniki.com/84688/pravo/organizatsiyyo-pravovi_zasadi_stvorennya_diyalnosti_spetsialnih_antikoruptsiynih_organiv#58 [in Ukrainian].

Ilienok, T.V. (2012). Foreign experience of administrative and legal counteraction to corruption. Yurydychna nauka – Juridical science, 12, 42-51 [in Ukrainian].

Klemenchich, H., Stusek, Ya., & Haika, I. (2007). Specialized Anti-Corruption Institutions: An Overview of Models. OECD. Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Paris: OECD Publications [in Ukrainian].

Parkhomenko-Kutsevil, O.I. (2018). Formation of modern mechanisms of improvement of anti-corruption bodies of state power in Ukraine. Yurydychnyi biuleten – Law Bulletin, 6, 121-127 [in Ukrainian].

Rakhmetov, S.M. (2010). Unresolved problems of the criminal policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Vestnik Instituta zakonodatel`stva Respubliki Kazakhstan – Bulletin of the Institute of Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 3 (19), 69-73 [in Russian].

Strategy for Steel Development “Ukraine – 2020”: Decree of the President of Ukraine. Retrieved from https://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5/2015 [in Ukrainian].

Matti Joutsen, Juna Keranen. Corruption and the prevention of corruption in Finland. Retrieved from www.om.fi.

Rule of law and the fight against corruption. Retrieved from https://www.kmu.gov.ua/diyalnist/reformi/verhovenstvo-prava-ta-borotba-z-korupciyeyu [in Ukrainian].


Abstract views: 171
PDF Downloads: 193
Published
2019-12-12
How to Cite
Kanan, A. (2019). The innovative models of functioning of anti-corruption bodies in the world. Public Administration Aspects, 7(11), 79-84. https://doi.org/10.15421/151958
Section
Article