Foreign experience in determining the status of refugees and internally displaced persons

  • A. A. Popok National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine
  • A. V. Djachenko National Academy for Public Administration under the President of Ukraine
Keywords: internally displaced persons, refugees, state migration policy, legal status

Abstract

This article explores the problem of determining the status of refugees and internally displaced persons in the countries of the European Union. Due to the increasing problem of internal involuntary displacement in other countries an understanding of the need to develop common approaches to solving the problems of persons displaced within their own countries and providing the sovereign states with international assistance in this area has gradually formed. It is noted that the legislation on refugees and internally displaced persons is quite developed in many Western European countries. The definition of a «refugee» concept is given in the Refugee Convention of 1951, currently incorporated into the domestic law of a significant number of states. The authors argue that the legal status of refugees has an international nature; in this case a negative decision on the recognition of any refugee status does not release another country to which he/she refers to consider the request for such recognition. The EU migration policy has been characterized by the following provisions: the absence of any obstacles for the movement of EU citizens within the EU common borders; the introduction of common standards of treatment of citizens of other countries entering the EU, creating tough immigration rules in relation to refugees and persons seeking asylum, and the formation of a common procedure for the recognition of their status; the adoption of common European measures to combat and prevent illegal migration. Europe is becoming increasingly closed. A supranational principle of this regulation collides with the provisions of the Convention on the Status of Refugees of 1951. It is emphasized that there has been increasing efforts to provide people with the status of refugees and internally displaced persons in Europe. The authors conclude that European countries actively integrate the provisions of the international law governing the legal status of refugees and internally displaced persons into their domestic law.

References

Zakirova, S. (2016). Problemy zakhystu prav vymushenykh pereselentsiv: poshuk mekhanizmiv adaptatsii svitovoho dosvidu do ukrainskykh realii [Problems of protection of the rights of internally displaced persons: the search for mechanisms of adaptation of world experience to Ukrainian realities]. Tsentr doslidzhen sotsialnykh komunikatsii NBUV. Retrieved from: http://nbuviap.gov.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=244&Itemid=403

Kyolyn, V. Rukovodyashchie principy po voprosu o peremeshchenii lic vnutri strany: Kommentarij [Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement: Commentary]. Retrieved from: http://www1.umn.edU/humanrts/russian/Ridprinciplescommentary.html#foreword#foreword

Kruhlyi stil «Ievropeiska praktyka zakhystu prav vymushenykh pereselentsiv: dosvid dlia Ukrainy» [Round table "European Practice for the Protection of the Rights of Immigrant Migrants: Experience for Ukraine"]. Retrieved from: http://dsum.edu.ua/2016/03/23

Maklakov, V.V. (2000). Konstitucii zarubezhnyh gosudarstv [Constitution of foreign states]. Moscow: Mir.

Maryanna, L. (2001). Polozhenie vynuzhdennyh migrantov v Finlyandii. Obshchie standarty Evropejskogo Soyuza [Situation of forced migrants in Finland. Common Standards of the European Union]. Moscow: Progress.

Postanovlenie Soveta ES №343/ 2003 ob ustanovlenii kriteriev i mekhanizmov dlya opredeleniya gosudarstva-chlena, otvetstvennogo za rassmotrenie hodatajstv o predostavlenii ubezhishcha, podannyh v odnom iz gosudarstv-chlenov grazhdaninom tret'ej strany [Council Regulation No. 343/2003 on the establishment of criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining applications for asylum filed in a Member State by a third country national]. (2003). Official Journal of the European Union, February 25 L50/1 Dublin II.

Rainer, M. (2001). Pravovoe i social'noe polozhenie lic, ishchushchih ubezhishche, bezhencev i inyh kategorij vynuzhdennyh migrantov v SHvejcarii» [Legal and social situation of asylum seekers, refugees and other categories of forced migrants in Switzerland "]. Materialy 11 seminara, provedennogo Pravozashchitnym centrom Memorial. (pp. 58 -62.). Moscow: Memorial.

Rukovodyashchie principy po voprosu o peremeshchenii lic vnutri strany [Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement]. (1998). Ekonomicheskij i social'nyj Sovet OON (EHKOSOS), 22 iyulya 1998. Retrieved from: http://www.refworld.org.ru/docid/50b345932.html

Sbornyk mezhdunarodno-pravovиkh dokumentov y natsyonalnиkh zakonodatelnиkh aktov po voprosam bezhentsev [Collection of international legal instruments and national legislation on refugees]. (2000). Minsk: Belarus.

Solodko, A. Zakhyst sotsialno-ekonomichnykh prav vnutrishno peremishchenykh osib: pershocherhovi zavdannia dlia Ukrainy [Захист соціально-економічних прав внутрирішньо переміщених осіб: першочергові завдання для України]. Tsentr doslidzhennia suspilstva. Retrieved from: http://www.cedos.org.ua/system/attachments/ffles/000/000/045/ origmal/CSR_roP.pdf?1400493355

Iastrebova, A.Iu. (2000). Mezhdunarodno-pravovиe aspektи vиnuzhdennoi myhratsyy [International Legal Aspects of Forced Migration]. (Ed. Zh. Zaionchkovskaia) Migration and information. Moscow: Mir.

Published
2017-06-07
How to Cite
Popok, A. A., & Djachenko, A. V. (2017). Foreign experience in determining the status of refugees and internally displaced persons. Public Administration Aspects, 5(3-4), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.15421/15201710
Section
Article