Chronopolitics: methodological aspects of public policy research
AbstractThe methodology of Chronopolitics has been studied. It can be useful for Public administration. Experts understand Chronopolitics as changes in market conditions, aimed at setting and achieving political goals (V. Tsymburskyy); distribution and redistribution of social time (A. Panarin); form a combination of socio-cultural and political time (V. Vasilenko); time dimension of political activity (Semenov); objectivity (M. Ozhevan, S. Datsyuk and B. Granovsky); subjectivity, “сhrono strategy” of state (B. Parahonskyy); Radical social transformation (W. Capito); multi-temporal processes of policy (D. Gorin).The essence of the concept “Chronopolitics” has been comprehended as a form reflecting the time aspect of political transformation in the context of educational policy. Сhronopolitics is a set of studies on the heterogeneity of the historical and political time. Consequently сhronopolitics is: 1) simulation of unidirectional process stages in the history of societies, 2) analysis of cyclical trends or waves in different areas of society.The term “Chronopolitics” was firstly used by french explorer P. Virilyo. Also, the term “Chronopolitics” was used by Modelsky. A. Panarin explained the understanding of time in the “methodological presumption global political forecasting” as the uncertainty of the future. According to Rosenau, this is qualitatively different future. It has been proven that states are not the main subjects. The main actors are individuals. They enter into a relationship with each other under conditions of mediation. Rosenau suggested that in the historical development of mankind there have been structural changes which inevitably increase the interdependence of peoples and societies, causing a radical transformation in international relations. The modern world is a “world of the individual”. In this world, a person interacts with other people and groups at the macro and micro social space. But the development is not achieved by means of expenses of the different countries of the global world. This classification includes developed countries, developing countries, the least developed countries.Global leader has a special task. In terms of polarity global world leader has to implement a policy of inclusive development (Boutros Boutros-Ghali). The main objective of the global leader is to counter fragmentation. Global Leadership is aimed at achieving the global progress in science, education and technology. Therefore, it is important advanced research, which shows opportunities of the policy and practice of “reasonable force” in international and domestic politics (D. Kalachov, M. Lebedev, A. Panov, A. Torkunov, A. Stoletov, I. Chiharyev). “Smart power” is based on the expert, diplomatic, scientific, educational, innovation and technology, military and discursive resources.Discussions on the subject, methods and basic categories of Chronopolitics are consequently continuing. Chronopolitics includes various different problems for research. Chronopolitics provides opportunities for the education policy analysis, which is an analysis of political institutions and processes through the category of political time.Chronopolitics has enriched significantly the science and practice of policy analysis. This is the theoretical and methodological basis for the deployment of the suggested research in various areas of political life. It is necessary to extend field studies of political dynamics in modern political science, study the multi-temporal political processes, especially on the basis of the analysis of educational policy. The science of public administration can use these capabilities of methodology of Chronopolitics.Chronopolitics as methodology examines the role of the state in the political structure of the political entity in temporal conditions of political and administrative decisions. These issues have been discussed in the context of Chronopolitical study of historical forms of political organization. The study has proved that Chronopolitics functionally and structurally adds the conceptual and categorical apparatus of political sciences, science and public administration.
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