Increasing academic mobility as a strategic task of the state governance politics in the educational area


  • A. O. Karapetyan Donetsk state university of management
Keywords: academic mobility, inward mobility, outward mobility, quality of education, global labour market

Abstract

Implementation of standards, recommendations and instruments which help to form terms and degrees comparative with ones existing in the European countries is an essential task of Bologna reform in the system of education in Ukraine. Modernization of the organization mechanism is an up-to-date issue, which is reflected in the Law of Ukraine «About Education» and the most important strategic documents of Ukraine. The principal aim is to increase academic mobility and, with the help of it, increase the mobility of workforce on the European labour market. The article provides the analysis of the main documents regulating the issue of academic mobility and elicits the weak points they contain, which include lack of holistic approach, aims and terms, sources and terms of financing. The author gives the definition of academic mobility, identifies its types (inward and outward), and aims. The article studies the impact of academic mobility on the economy of the host country and on the quality of higher education, which justifies the necessity to improve and implement the mechanisms to enhance academic mobility, both inward and outward. The author gives recommendations as for how academic mobility can be enhanced. Firstly, it is recommended that state information centers should be organized to provide students and academic staff with information on options for studying and scientific work abroad. Secondly, improving instruments of mutual recognition is important. Thirdly, financial stimuli, the system of crediting play a great part. Alongside it, creation of the English language environment, delivering certain courses in English as well as intensive foreign language studying are helpful. Another suggestion is stimulating outward mobility with the view of geopolitical interests of the country. It is noteworthy, that setting concrete indicators for inward and outward mobility and identifying the amount of time for a mobile student sufficient to reach the purpose of the mobility will make the experience more useful. Finally, transporting a programme abroad and granting universities the right to set their own prices on educational services are regarded by the author effective tolls for increasing inward academic mobility. A number of factors have led to a deep economic crisis in Ukraine. Among them, in particular: the oligarchic model of Ukraine's economic development, ineffective economic policy, is actually aimed at appropriating public resources, as well as the excessive dependence of the national economy on the external market. At the same time, there are socio-economic upheavals as a result of hostilities in the south-east of Ukraine, the annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation and the conduct of its aggressive policy towards Ukraine. This led to an intensification of efforts of scientists and practitioners to find ways and mechanisms for guaranteeing economic security.On the other hand, under the influence of economic, political and other factors that create threats to national interests in the economic sphere, there is a process of further differentiation of public administration in the areas of development and adoption of appropriate government-management decisions regarding the provision of economic security, which necessitates the definition of a system of public administration economic safety as an object of independent scientific research. The solution of this task, first of all, involves the study of the essence of "national interests in the economic sphere (national economic interests)" and the construction of their hierarchy. This is due to the fact that the realization of these interests defines the main purpose and objectives of the system.
Published
2015-02-25
How to Cite
Karapetyan, A. (2015). Increasing academic mobility as a strategic task of the state governance politics in the educational area. Public Administration Aspects, 3(1-2), 48-55. https://doi.org/10.15421/15156
Section
Mechanisms of public management